Included under this chair are investigations, using physical measuring methods, of physical properties of rocks and new synthetic materials of microscopic to macroscopic sizes in various physical conditions, along with investigations of the biophysical properties of organic materials. Those methods are dynamic, electric, magnetic, thermal and optical methods, in addition to structural analyses. Additionally, modern problems in bio-molecular science, optical science and engineering are explored. These studies are of importance not only for elucidating their underlying material sciences. They are also important for application to the design and characterization of new materials, to the control of material functions, and to the production of quantum electronic devices.